Saint Mary’s Student Activities Board (SAB) established a new goal this year — increasing student activity. Instead of hosting one big event per semester, they agreed to increase it to one event per month. The Board started off the year with Belles Bash rather than the annual Jamaica Shaka. The event featured fireworks, inflatable games and food. “We had a good turn out,” Allison Courtney, president of SAB, said. “Around 800 people showed up to the event.” In addition, SAB hosted an outdoor movie night with the screening of Toy Story 3. As part of their goal, SAB had to create new events to fill each month of the academic year. The Board celebrated October with October Fest. The event featured a band, food and beverages and a beer garden for those students over the age of 21. Also in October, the Board hosted its annual pumpkin carving contest, and turned the quad into one big pumpkin patch. In November, SAB created Bellakazam, a Harry Potter inspired celebration for the whole campus. The event consisted of a Great Hall Dinner, a Quidditch match and a magician, Courtney said. The event coincided with the creation of a Saint Mary’s Quidditch team, a new club on campus. December featured a Winter Wonderland, where SAB invited elementary students from one school in the community to attend a day of holiday celebration. The kids made crafts, decorated Christmas cookies, had pictures with Santa and watched the movie “The Grinch.” In addition, the board still hosted Sundaes on Sunday every other Sunday of the month. Sundaes on Sunday is an event held in Vander Vennet Theater in the basement of the Student Center. SAB provides students with free ice cream sundaes and there is a showing of a popular television show that airs on Sunday night or a movie. In the past, they have watched anything from the movie “Killers” to “Hocus Pocus.” “This year we really encouraged member involvement,” Courtney said. “We wanted the events to be the idea of the members, not just the [board executives.]” The Board collaborated with other campus clubs to make the events a community-wide project. The Board has big plans for next semester, including SMC Tostal — the annual event that brings activities and a musician to campus — an ice skating rink in the quad in February and a campus-wide Easter egg hunt.
Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week.
Embed from Getty ImagesNigel Clough insisted he was unsure whether Burton’s 2-1 win at QPR will be his final match as Brewers boss – but admitted he is interested in a potential return to Nottingham Forest. Clough has been given permission to speak to Forest about the managerial vacancy at the City Ground, where he made his name as a player and his late father Brian achieved legendary status as manager.Asked if the victory at Loftus Road signalled the end of his second spell at Burton, Clough said: “I don’t know whether it is or not.“There’s been an approach and we’ll sit down in the next few days and talk about it.“I’m not going to be naive enough to suggest to you that I’m not interested in a club I’ve got such a long association with.“Burton means a lot to me too. Timing in football is never good – it stinks at times.“There’s lots to think about and lots to talk about over the next few days.“The most important thing was to not let it get in the way of what happened today. This game has been the priority all along.”Burton’s win was only their second in nine league matches and lifted them out of the relegation zone.Luke Murphy’s stunning strike gave them an early lead and Lloyd Dyer doubled their lead early in the second half before Conor Washington pulled a goal back for Rangers.“The players have been great in training as always – you saw the work-rate,” Clough added.“It was important to get out of the bottom three and we’ve done that.“This game today was so important for the club. Whatever happens in the next few days happens.” Ads by Revcontent Trending Articles Urologists: Men, Forget the Blue Pill! This “Destroys” ED x ‘Genius Pill’ Used By Rich Americans Now Available In Netherlands! x Men, You Don’t Need the Blue Pill if You Do This x What She Did to Lose Weight Stuns Doctors: Do This Daily Before Bed! x One Cup of This (Before Bed) Burns Belly Fat Like Crazy! x Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch) x Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
The functionality of the da Vinci surgical robot is improved by the different heads that can be attached to the flexible arms.(Image: da Vinci Surgery)MEDIA CONTACTS • Craig DoonanAccount Manager: Leap Communications+27 21 785 3683.RELATED ARTICLES∙ South Africa lead in mHealth∙ Low-cost ultrasound for moms, babies∙ R13.8m surgical centre for South AfricaSulaiman PhilipSurgeons have a saying; ‘If you cut you cry.’ It’s an exhortation to them to take special care and time, especially when performing procedures where space is restricted.Over the past 15 years robotic surgery has developed and evolved as a surgical tool to improve surgical technique in procedures where precision is of the utmost importance. Technology now makes colorectal, gynaecological, urological, cardiac and thoracic procedures less invasive, reducing the risk of complication and speeding up healing time.Until now South African patients were deprived of these benefits, but with the unveiling of the first da Vinci robotic surgery system in South Africa, surgery has taken a giant leap forward.At the unveiling at Pretoria’s Urology Hospital on Wednesday, 2 October, Dr Lance Coetzee, senior consultant urologist and chairperson of the Hospitals Research Committee, acknowledged the cutting-edge innovation of the system by joking, “Robotic surgery is not surgery by robot.”In robotically assisted surgery, the surgeon sits at a console and operates robotic arms that manipulate miniaturised tools inserted into the patient’s body through small incisions. For surgeons, whose expertise is based as much in practice and touch as in training, sitting at a console remotely operating robotic arms is an unfamiliar feeling that requires getting used to. Hence, the R17-million cost of the surgical system covers not just the equipment but the specialist training by skilled surgeons certified in its use.Dr Coetzee, who is one of just four South African surgeons qualified to use the system, says an added advantage is that it can be used as a training tool. A miniature lighted camera is able to stream the procedure to multiple monitors, allowing the system to be used to up skill surgeons.“We consider ourselves to be a centre of excellence on the continent; the strict grading system for surgeons was an important consideration for us before we decided to adopt and introduce robotic surgery to South Africa.”BenefitsRobotic surgery benefits include less scarring, pain and blood loss; fewer complications, shorter hospital stays and a faster recovery. In tighter spaces the flexible robotic arms can work more precisely than a surgeon so the traditional large incision is no longer necessary.“The arm mimics the movement of the human wrist so it’s like having a miniature hand inside the abdominal cavity,” Coetzee explained.For his colleagues, it is the precision of the instruments that makes the system popular.“For a prostate surgeon working with delicate male organs the precision you can achieve is the system’s major advantage.”Thomas Dunbar, managing director of medical supply company Earth Medical, says the future of robotic surgery will see medicine moving beyond the limitations of the human hand and eye.“One day a surgeon will be able to perform surgery without even touching the patient.”Sarel van der Walt, managing director of the hospital, believed his doctors when they said that robotic surgery would be a godsend but his concerns were costs. Scepticism from medical aids over the technology did not help make his decision easier.“In the end it came down to this; the technology costs slightly more than conventional surgery but the benefits to patients are multiplied.”The robot in Pretoria has been christened Mthombo – meaning “pure drinking place by a river” in Zulu. The da Vinci surgery system has been used in over a million operations since it first came on the market 13 years ago and will be used in South Africa for the first time on 21 October.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Matt ReeseHouse Bill 183 was recently introduced by state representatives Susan Manchester (R-Waynesfield) and John Patterson (D-Jefferson) to create a tax credit program that would incentivize retiring farmers to sell or rent to beginning farmers in Ohio.“I am grateful for the opportunity to introduce this legislation with Rep. Patterson who will help bring the next generation of Ohio farmers into the agricultural industry and ease the financial burden for retiring farmers,” Manchester said in an April 10 press conference. “I’ve seen this scenario played out first hand in my own district where retiring farmers without family successors are looking for someone to take over their operation but face tough financial barriers when selling their land or assets. This program would incentivize retiring farmers to look to beginning farmers to take over their operations by decreasing their tax burden on selling or renting their land and assets. It would also set beginning farmers up for success by giving them the opportunity to farm and learn best practices through a financial management program.”The language in HR 183 is modeled after a similar 2018 program in Minnesota that has already encouraged 162 established farmers to sell or rent to beginning farmers for a total of $1.4 million in tax credits. Proponents are hoping the Ohio program will have similar success.“Established farmers and ag producers would receive a state income tax credit when they sell or rent agricultural assets like land, machinery, building facilities, or livestock to a beginning farmer. The credit is equivalent to 5% of the sale price, 10% of the cash rent or 15% for a cash share deal,” said Jenna Beadle, director of state policy for the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation. “Beginning farmers could also receive a tax credit up to $1,500 for taking a qualified financial management course but do not receive tax credits for buying land or other farm-related items. A beginning farmer is defined as an Ohio resident who has been farming for less than 10 years with a net worth of less than $800,000 and cannot be a relative of the established farmer.”Ohio Farm Bureau, Ohio Farmers Union and the Ohio Ecological Food and Farm Association are supporting the bill. The program will likely have a proposed $10 million cap over 5 years, at which time the program can be renewed if it has been successful. The Ohio Department of Agriculture would determine the eligibility of candidates and the organizational framework for the program. The young farmer candidates must provide the majority of labor on the farm.“Farming is a very financially challenging occupation to get into,” Patterson said in the press conference. “The idea is to help our young people now and make this this transition into farming because it is our No. 1 industry in the state of Ohio. We recognize that and we celebrate opportunities for our young people to go into farming.”
7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Roy Rubin, co-founder of the popular Magento open-source project, announced this week he is bowing out of the project he helped launch back in 2008.It’s not the first time the leader of an open-source project has stepped away from her project, but it’s remarkable by its response: Relative silence.It’s not because Rubin wasn’t critical to Magento. He was. For six years, Rubin was the soul of Magento. But open source has grown up, and it’s increasingly shedding its cult of personality. While no one wishes Linux founder Linus Torvalds gets hit by a bus, we’re to the point that we, like Linus, “won’t care.”But it wasn’t always this way.Worshipping The Benevolent DictatorSuccessful open-source projects have long been associated with strong leaders, and for good reason. Influencing a vibrant community of individually-minded developers can be the equivalent of herding cats. While differences of opinion on the direction a particular open-source project can turn into a parting of ways (and code, called a “fork”), more often than not a “benevolent dictator for life,” or project leader, will step in, exert leadership and keep the community together.The term “benevolent dictator for life” (BDFL) may have started with Guido von Rossum, the founder of Python. It has since been applied to Linus Torvalds, the creator of Linux, as well as Mark Shuttleworth, Ubuntu’s lead, among others. Sometimes two leaders on a project share the title, as did Adrian Holovaty and Jacob Kaplan-Moss for Django.At their peak, the departure of any one of these leads would have wreaked havoc on the fortunes of the project, given how closely identified the projects were with these strong leaders. Over time, however, this has changed. The Django BDFLs moved on to other projects, and Django kept chugging along. Ditto Python, Lucene (Doug Cutting), JBoss (Marc Fleury) and many other projects.While open source communities still rally around strong leaders, we don’t seem to be as dependent on them as we once were. Open source’s “cult of personality” faded, and perhaps has died altogether. But what happened?Apache And The Rise Of Community Well, community did, for starters. I realize I’m making a somewhat subjective assertion here, but over the roughly 15 years I’ve been involved in open source, I’ve seen a gradual shift away from tightly-controlled free software projects to more loosely joined open-source communities, often with significant corporate interest.While it’s not clear whether the open, BSD/Apache-style licensing “chicken” came before the corporate open source interest “egg,” the two together have definitely changed how open source operates.This includes the need for a BDFL. For example, and while it’s not a project, it’s hard to imagine Free GNU without Richard Stallman. By contrast, it’s pretty easy to imagine Apache Hadoop without… wait, who is in charge of Hadoop, anyway?The answer? Everyone. Or many, rather. It started with Doug Cutting, but it has since grown to become a community of companies and individuals (but mostly companies that employ those individuals) working together.The same is true of OpenStack, which has a host of companies involved. If any particular OpenStack developer were to leave, the OpenStack show would go on. And it has thus far. The same is true of an increasing number of open-source projects.A BDFL-Free Future?This isn’t to suggest that leaders aren’t needed in open source. They are. But as more open-source projects become communities of corporations, the risk of a BDFL leaving diminishes. Frankly, even if companies aren’t heavily involved, projects with an Apache license may not be as dependent on a BDFL, anyway.Photo of Richard Stallman courtesy of Friprog on Flickr How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? Matt Asay Why You Love Online Quizzes Tags:#apache#benevolent dictator for life#Magento#Open Source#Roy Rubin Related Posts Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid
Things have changed.Globalization: Globalization has been around a long, long time. But in the last couple decades, a lot of labor moved overseas because labor was cheaper there. Then, white collar jobs started to follow. As it turns out brains are cheaper there, too. Then, more and more global competitors stepped up and started competing. People around the world aren’t only every bit as smart as you are (wherever you are), they’re also every bit as competitive. Your customers are dealing with this competition. Your company is, too.Disintermediation: (The Internet, in some form or fashion, shows up on this list a couple of times). You don’t want to be a newspaper right now. You don’t want to be a book publisher. You don’t want to be a record label. You don’t want to be a commodity. The Internet makes transactions faster and cheaper. It’s (still) disintermediating whole industries. And we’re just paving the cow paths.Two Recessions The beginning of this Century started with a serious recession when the tech bubble burst. Not to be outdone, the financial sector decided to remind us just how much things can unravel. These recessions have reinforced a global “scarcity mindset” and a further push for transactional, commoditized business models at all levels. Your clients are under margin press. You might have felt a little margin pressure, too.The Rise of Purchasing: Purchasing has grown more powerful. They’re managing global supply chains. They are sometimes paid bonuses on saving their companies money. They are trained to make you feel like a commodity. They’re laser-focused on price. And they’re part of your dream client’s buying committee and decision-making process. Your dealing with purchasing. The salespeople that sell for you customers are also dealing with purchasing.Consolidation of Vendors: It’s easier to business with one great partner. It’s difficult to manage a bunch of partners that each do things differently. Plus, consolidation allows you to command lower prices. Companies are consolidating vendors. They’re limiting the number of suppliers they use to a smaller, more manageable number of real Level Four Value Creators.Commoditization: You’re not Wal-mart. Your company’s business model isn’t lowest price. But all of the above listed forces make it feel as if the only value you can create is around price. It isn’t true. But if you don’t create a higher level of value, you will surely be treated like a commodity. If you behave like a commodity, the market will agree to treat you like one.Your Customer’s Required Financial Performance: Your customers are under pressure to perform financially. And this is no longer something that just a few people in executive management are concerned with; it’s organizational. Even low level stakeholders within your client companies are responsible for a line on the P&L. They’re under greater pressure to perform. They have less time to spend with salespeople that can’t help them. They need Level Four Value Creators, salespeople that can help them improve their results.The Internet: Here it is again: The Great Leveler. Your clients can learn as much about you as you can them. You can know more about your prospects with less effort than at any time in history. The tools we’re using have radically reshaped the nature of sales and the nature of our relationships with our clients–and prospects. There is a new tool kit, and you have to adopt and employe it if you are going to succeed.Your Customer’s Buying Process (but not as much as you might think): I don’t buy the idea that buyers are finding their own way through the buying process by using the Internet. They’re too busy to spend all of their time researching suppliers. But they are using more formal buying processes. And they’re including more stakeholders, and when they decide to abandon the status quo, they’re doing it with the consensus of more of their team members.Required Sales Skill Sets: Sales acumen used to be enough. To sell well, you needed product knowledge, the ability to prospect, the ability to tell a good story, to overcome objections, and to close. You still need to be able to do those things. But they’re not enough to help either you or your clients deal with the preceding nine factors. Now you need the ability to differentiate yourself by the value you create and negotiate to capture some of the value you create. You need deep business acumen, massive leadership skills, and the ability to sell change.Is there any question that you need to get better? Is there any question that you need to act with urgency? If you’re not working to become a Level Four Value Creator, you’re being left behind.
The BCCI on Saturday denied media reports that Deccan Chargers franchise has got a stay order against its termination from the IPL, saying that the matter would come up in the Bombay High Court on Monday.”It has been reported in some sections of the media that the Bombay High Court has stayed the termination of the Deccan Chargers Franchise, announced by the BCCI yesterday evening,” the Board said in a statement.”The BCCI would like to clarify that the counsels of both sides were present in Court at 10:30 am on Saturday, 15 September 2012. The Court heard both parties, and did not pass any order staying the termination. The matter has been placed for hearing on Monday, 17 September 2012,” it added.”The information that the termination of the franchise has been stayed is incorrect.”In a late night development on Friday, the BCCI terminated the Deccan Chargers contract, ending the suspense on the fate of the beleaguered franchise. The decision was taken at an emergency Governing Council meeting of the IPL in Chennai.”BCCI was compelled to hold an emergency meeting of the IPL Governing Council late on Friday evening to discuss certain developments due to the Deccan Chargers’ defaults,” Board secretary Sanjay Jagdale said in a press release.BCCI had on Friday received a lawyers notice invoking arbitration from the franchise stating that it had not committed any breaches and even if such breaches were committed, the Board should not terminate the franchise till Yes Bank Ltd furnishes sufficient finance to cure the breaches.advertisementJagdale said the BCCI made every effort to save the beleaguered franchise which also rejected the sole bid that was received at the auction.Jagdale said the Governing Council took note of the sudden change of stance by the franchise and also the fact that any further extension of time would seriously jeopardies the interests of the players.
Wintry storm delivers US travel woes before Thanksgiving Matt McQuaid scored a career-high 27 points, Cassius Winston converted the go-ahead layup in the closing minute, and the Spartans rallied to beat No. 10 Michigan 65-60 in the Big Ten final on Sunday.Top-seeded Michigan State (28-6) scored the game’s final 10 points to capture its first championship since 2016. No other program has won the conference tournament as many times as Michigan State, and this one was particularly sweet.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsAfter all, the Spartans prevented a championship three-peat by Michigan (28-6) and beat their rivals for the third time this season.“I asked them all today, ‘What do you want to do?’” Izzo said. “Pregame meal, ‘What do you want to do? You want to play for the (NCAA) Tournament or you want to play the game?’ That sounds like a stupid question, but if you knew where my guys were at as far as physically, it was a good question to ask. Once they said ‘We want to play the game,’ I said, ‘You just gave me a license for 40 minutes of hell, so you better get going because I’m not letting up.’” “They responded and I think they enjoyed it,” he continued. “So did I.”McQuaid nailed a personal-best seven 3-pointers. Winston, the Big Ten Player of the Year, had 14 points and 11 assists as Michigan State won for the 10th time in 11 games.“It’s always big,” McQuaid said. “Michigan’s a really good team. Beating them three times … it’s hard to do.”Both teams were awarded No. 2 seeds in the NCAA Tournament and will play Thursday in Des Moines, Iowa. Michigan State faces Bradley in the East Region, while Michigan goes against Montana in the West. The Wolverines beat Montana last year on the way to the national championship game.Ignas Brazdeikas led Michigan with 19 points. Jordan Poole scored 13. Jon Teske had 10 points and 10 rebounds, and Zavier Simpson added 10 assists.ADVERTISEMENT Google Philippines names new country director Colombia protesters vow new strike after talks hit snag For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. Dominic Thiem edges Roger Federer in 3 sets to win Indian Wells title Read Next Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting View comments But the third-seeded Wolverines fell again to Michigan State after blowing their chance to win the league by losing to their rivals twice in the final four regular-season games.“You lose three times in a season to your rival, it’s gonna hurt” Isaiah Livers said. “But we’ll use it as motivation for the NCAA Tournament. I’m glad we don’t have a week or two weeks to sit there and think about that last game. We can get right back to playing.”Michigan led by 13 early in the second half, but Michigan State went on a 13-4 run to tie it at 48 with just over seven minutes remaining.The Wolverines were up 60-55 after Livers hit a 3 with 2:29 left, but they didn’t score again. McQuaid answered with one of his own to start the game-ending run and Xavier Tillman made a tying layup for Michigan State.After Simpson missed a 3 for Michigan, Winston drove to his left for a layup — which Teske thought he blocked — to put the Spartans on top 62-60 with 28 seconds left.Brazdeikas then missed a pull-up jumper that got tipped by Aaron Henry with 14 seconds to play. Teske and Tillman went up for the rebound, the ball got knocked out of bounds and the referees gave possession to Michigan State after a review as Michigan coach John Beilein screamed on the sideline.Henry made a free throw and missed the second, making it a three-point game. Poole then appeared to get bumped by Winston — Michigan State had a foul to give — just before he launched a long 3 off the dribble, but there was no call.The Spartans’ Kenny Goins hit two free throws to make it 65-60 with two seconds left.AHRENS INJUREDMichigan State forward Kyle Ahrens was relieved X-rays showed his left ankle wasn’t broken after he was taken from the court on a stretcher in the first half, though the extent of the injury was not clear. Michigan State’s Matt McQuaid (20) celebrates after shooting a 3-point basket during the second half of an NCAA college basketball championship game against Michigan in the Big Ten Conference tournament, Sunday, March 17, 2019, in Chicago. (AP Photo/Kiichiro Sato)CHICAGO — Michigan State coach Tom Izzo had one simple question for his team. He got the answer he wanted, and the sixth-ranked Spartans picked up their sixth Big Ten Tournament championship.Now, they’ll try to bring home the biggest prize of all.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Bloomberg: US would benefit from more, not fewer, immigrants Trump tells impeachment jokes at annual turkey pardon event LATEST STORIES Miguel Romero Polo: Bamboo technology like no other SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte He expects to have an MRI once the softball-sized swelling goes down.Ahrens landed awkwardly when he collided in midair with Goins going for a defensive rebound with 4:34 left in the first half.He clutched his lower left leg as he screamed in pain. Medical personnel placed an air cast on his leg and teammates gave him hugs before he was wheeled away, pounding his chest as he was taken to the back. He returned to the sideline on crutches in the second half.BIG PICTUREMichigan: The Wolverines have their sights set on another big NCAA run after losing to Villanova in the championship game last year.Michigan State: The Spartans head to the tournament with high hopes, though their rotation figures to be a little thinner after Ahrens went down.UP NEXTMichigan: NCAA Tournament.Michigan State: NCAA Tournament. MOST READ PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss
By Jorge BarreraAPTN National NewsOTTAWA–The Canadian military is expected to officially apologize early next year for including the Mohawk Warrior Society in a draft version of the military’s counter-insurgency manual, APTN National News has learned.The text of the apology has been approved by the upper echelons of the military command, but details still need to be worked out on how to deliver the statement and on how big of an event should be staged.A draft 2006 version of the military’s counter-insurgency manual was released publicly in March 2007 and it included a reference to the Mohawk Warrior Society in a section describing different types of insurgencies.First Nations leaders immediately reacted with anger, saying it appeared to equate First Nations with terrorist groups like Hezbollah and the Taliban.The apology is expected to be delivered in either January or February.The Assembly of First Nations and representatives from Akwesasne are involved in the discussions.A draft 2006 version of the military’s counter-insurgency manual was released publicly in March 2007 and it included a reference to the Mohawk Warrior Society in a section describing different types of insurgencies.First Nations leaders immediately reacted with anger, saying it appeared to equate First Nations with terrorist groups like Hezbollah and the Taliban.Former Akwesasne council Chief Cheryl Jacobs began writing letters to National Defence Minister Peter MacKay demanding an apology.It wasn’t until 2009 that she received a response indicating that the military was considering the request.Jacobs welcomed the news that an apology was in the works.“I can’t wait for it to become a reality,” she said. “The black brush-stroke across all Aboriginal people in Canada will go in reverse.”The reference to the Mohawk Warrior Society is highlighted in a section under the heading: Overview of Insurgencies and Counter-Insurgencies.It quotes directly from the master’s thesis of military historian Timothy Winegard who has written a book on the 1990 Oka Crisis.“The rise of radical Native American organizations, such as the Mohawk Warrior Society, can be viewed as insurgencies with specific and limited aims,” reads Winegard’s text, from his thesis titled The Court of Last Resort: The 1990 Oka Crisis and the Canadian Forces. “Although they do not seek complete control of the federal government, they do seek particular political concessions in their relationship with national governments and control (either overt or covert) of political affairs at a local/reserve…level, through the threat of, or us of, violence.”The military said it had deleted the reference from the manual.